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What Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?

You may have heard of cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT for short, and wondered what it’s about. In this post we will answer your questions. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic therapy that helps individuals to change destructive thought patterns. CBT fuses together both cognitive therapy and behavior therapy which helps individuals replace negative thoughts and emotional responses with positive ones. CBT focuses on changing the automatic negative thought patterns which can lead to anxiety and depression. Realizing how CBT works can help individuals lift their mood, and build stronger and healthier mental health coping skills.

Types of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Here is a list of the different kinds of cognitive behavioral therapies.

  • Cognitive therapy centers on identifying and changing inaccurate or distorted thought patterns, emotional responses, and behaviors
  • Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) addresses destructive or disturbing thoughts and behaviors while incorporating treatment strategies such as emotional regulation and mindfulness.
  • Multimodal therapy suggests that psychological issues must be treated by addressing seven different but interconnected modalities: behavior, affect, sensation, imagery, cognition, interpersonal factors, and drug/biological considerations.
  • Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) involves identifying irrational beliefs, actively challenging these beliefs, and finally learning to recognize and change these thought patterns.

Each of these therapies has a different approach, and health care providers will determine which therapy is best for every individual.

Cognitive behavioral therapy can be of great benefit, helping individuals to learn healthy coping skills that they can use whenever needed. CBT can be used for many kinds of maladaptive behaviors, and may even be more affordable than other kinds of therapies. It’s been noted that improvements can be seen in just 5 to 20 sessions, making this form of therapy the choice for many health care professionals. It’s important to speak with your health care provider to find which therapy is best for you.



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